News

The Developer Ecosystem in 2018: Key Trends for C and C++

For the second year in a row, we have polled thousands of people to learn what’s hot and what’s not in the world of developers in 2018. The Developer Ecosystem survey aims to reveal which technologies are trending today, how languages are evolving, and which tools developers are adopting the most. The results are finally in, so go ahead and get the full scoop!

Later we will also publish (anonymized) raw data for everyone interested in taking a look for themselves. Now, let me share the most interesting findings from this year’s study relating to C and C++.

For C, the most interesting questions are about the tooling being adopted, while for C++ we were squirming to know “Which C++ standard do developers mostly use?”. Since this is a second such study, we can also compare the results to those from 2017 and identify some fascinating trends.

View The State of Developer Ecosystem 2018 Report

Top C facts

It seems that among all the respondents developing in C, 48% have abandoned all unit testing frameworks. This is a hike of 18% compared with last year. In contrast, among C++ developers the abandon rate soared by 20% this year. If we speculate about why this is happening, could it be that unit testing frameworks don’t fit the C/C++ developer ecosystem? Is the entry level too high? Or maybe there’s a lack of documentation and learning resources? What’s your take on this?

Makefiles were probably expected to come in as the most popular project model, but second place now goes to CMake (among C developers). Interestingly, Xcode project model has moved up from 5% to 9%.
deveco_c_2018_build_system

In terms of IDEs, both CLion and Visual Studio Code have gained a lot of popularity among C developers. Still, the top honor this year goes to Vi/Vim! By the way, if you’re accustomed to Vim, you can install a Vim-emulation mode in CLion to benefit from familiar Vim key bindings and the functionality of CLion at the same time.

Top C++ facts

The C++17 standard was officially signed last year and is now seeing growing adoption numbers: 18%, compared with 12% last year. However, while nearly half of all respondents who are not on C++17 yet plan to upgrade to one or another new standard, only 8% of those who are not on C++17 yet are considering moving to C++17 in the next 12 months.
deveco_cpp_standard

CMake, Visual Studio project, and Makefiles are still the hottest build systems. However, the order has changed. CMake has finally prevailed over Visual Studio project! It’s also great to still see SCons and Bazel in the top 10.

Talking about other languages, it’s worth mentioning Java and Python as the languages most frequently used together with C++, as well as Rust, which 8% of C++ developers plan to adopt / migrate to in the next 12 months. If you’re looking for a Rust IDE, try the Rust plugin for CLion, which comes with Cargo build system and debugger support!

View The State of Developer Ecosystem 2018 Report

What do you think about these trends? Sound off in the comments section below!

Your CLion Team
JetBrains
The Drive to Develop

Discover more