Doctest for unit testing in CLion
In the C++ ecosystem there is more than one unit testing framework. Google Test is the one used the most. Boost.Test is obviously gaining in popularity among the Boost community. Catch(2) is relatively new but also growing impressively. Meanwhile, several years ago at CppCon there was an inspiring presentation by Viktor Kirilov of yet another framework called doctest. Viktor told our audience about it in the guest blog post in ReSharper C++ blog, once the support was added there.
In a nutshell, doctest is a fast single-header framework, with self-registering tests. It’s safe: uses thread-safe asserts and can be used without exceptions and RTTI. You can learn from the post in detail what makes doctest interesting.
The good news is – doctest is coming to CLion 2020.2 EAP! Grab the free EAP build and give it a try now.
The corresponding plugin is bundled into the EAP build:
Both CLion and ReSharper C++, now provide support for 4 frameworks: Google Test, Boost.Test, Catch(2), and doctest.
Let’s take the doctest project from the GitHub and check out how the sample tests look in CLion:
If you already use Google Test, Boost.Test or Catch(2) integration in CLion, you are familiar with what’s available here:
- Doctest tests are detected by CLion and Run/Debug configurations are created automatically when you run a test or all tests in a file.
- Built-in test runner shows the results of the tests, along with the test output, test duration, and a bunch of controls that enable you to monitor the tests and analyze the results.
- Run/Debug icons in the left gutter show the status of the tests.
That’s it! You can try out doctest for your project in CLion and benefit from the integration! Let me just add a few notes on the Run/Debug configurations here. In doctest there are suites, tests, and subtests. Run/Debug configurations in CLion use a Pattern field in the settings to define the set of tests to launch within this configuration.
- To run all tests in a file use pattern
[suite_name]will run a suite with the corresponding name.
- If you want to run a particular test from a given suite, you can point
[suite_name][test_name]. Adding another level for subtest is also possible:
- An anonymous suite is possible via
. However, not without a test name (so
- Patterns can be combined using commas as separators.
P.S. Many users ask us about CTest support in CLion (CPP-905) and we tried to address the point during the CLion AMA session in May. While another unit testing framework was taken on board, CTest is still not there. There is a workaround of course, but that’s definitely not an experience our users expect from us. We’ve recently conducted a small overview research trying to understand how CTest is usually used, what commands are regularly passed as a test script, what kind of support is provided for CTest by other IDEs. And while we see some challenges, like the very custom scripts used to run tests or deploy the environment, difficulties to detect the exact executable to debug, and others, we plan to prototype the support in the further CLion versions. Our call to action here would be – share your OS projects with us if you use CTest so that we can learn about more use cases! Thanks in advance.
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